Tension issues are a common problem in machine embroidery, but they can often be easily resolved. Here are some steps to troubleshoot tension issues:

  1. Check the thread path: Ensure the thread is passing through all the tension discs and guides in the correct order and that the thread is not getting tangled or caught on anything.
  2. Adjust the top thread tension: Most embroidery machines have a dial or knob for adjusting the top thread tension. Start by adjusting the top tension to the recommended setting for your machine and project.
  3. Check the bobbin tension: Bobbin tension is also important for proper stitch formation. Adjust the bobbin tension according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  4. Change the needle: A dull or damaged needle can cause tension issues. Change the needle and try again.
  5. Check the thread type: Different types of thread have different recommended tensions. Make sure you’re using the correct type of thread for your project.
  6. Clean the machine: Dirt and debris can accumulate in the tension discs and other parts of the machine, causing tension issues. Clean the machine according to the manufacturer’s instructions.